Method of trading called Golden Bottom

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Methods of trading called “Golden Bottom”

As you know, the assets of currency pairs, which are the most frequently used assets in the market of binary options in the private trading segment, have one characteristic feature. We are talking about the so-called correlation of currency pairs. If you skillfully use this unique property when conducting binary trades, then you can achieve excellent profitability, namely – 100% of income in just 1 week of trading in the middle mode during the working day. That’s why the strategy and got its name – “The Golden Bottom.” In addition, the technology will be absolutely accessible to execution even by inexperienced beginners, you just need to gather your spirit and be very careful when opening sales positions, observing all the necessary requirements, which will be described in detail below. There will not be any special knowledge or acquired skills of trading binary options here. Trading itself in this method is characterized by a low percentage of market risks.

But, of course, like any trading strategy, the technique of binary trading on the assets of currency pairs “The Golden Bottom” requires a private investor to fulfill a number of certain input conditions.

To begin with, since we are read and beginners, let’s look at the general outline of what is the property of correlation in the stock exchange of option trading. Correlation is the existing relationship between certain types of currency pairs. That is, it is obvious that if the pairs of currencies themselves exert a certain influence on each other, then on the charts of their assets we will have some similarity in the moments of fluctuations in their quotations. And in some cases – on the contrary – quotations of related assets will show us a cardinal divergence from each other. But, of course, it is better to imagine this process, after analyzing a living example. Let’s take for quotation the quotation chart of the asset of the currency pair, which is the most popular among private investors of the binary-option market – EURUSD:

On this chart, we can clearly see the parcel on the quotations, on which the euro falls against the US dollar.
And now we will take the diametrically opposite situation and consider the asset of a currency pair in which the US dollar takes a distinct leading position in a pair of currencies, for example – USDJPY (we will study exactly the same time interval):

On the chart of quotations of this asset, there is a rapid growth of the US dollar against the Japanese yen. That is, the US dollar is capable of strengthening as a currency relative to other leading currencies of the world stock exchange of finance. And this property (this is the correlation, which we talked about above) – it will be very convenient to use binary options for highly profitable stock trading.

And to make this possible, and the “Gold Bottom” strategy gave us the biggest “exhaust”, we will need to choose a brokerage terminal, which has a number of certain conditions and functions in the interface. So, for successful implementation of the strategy, you will need: high accuracy of quotes from a reliable supplier of stock liquidity, a large number of assets for trading, a low threshold for the size of the minimum option contract, the function of opening several transactions simultaneously without directly limiting their number.
In the course of testing this strategy, among the three most popular among the stock traders of the binary market of trading terminals, the optimal trading platform was selected for several indicators. The highest accuracy of quotations, the speed of opening contracts and, accordingly, the high profitability at the output, along with the comfort of carrying out work on the trading platform – were demonstrated by the terminals of our best brokers. By the way, on these trading platforms, private investors are provided with a list of assets for work, represented by a wide range of trading instruments – over 80 units, an exchange contract can be opened starting at US $ 1, and this facilitates the simplicity of capital management), and in addition, open contracts are not installed at all.

But how to apply the notorious property of correlation of currency pairs in practice? So, we are considering the principles of work on the strategy called “Golden Bottom”.

In order not to go into detail without the need for a detailed technical analysis of the quoted charts of tradable assets, we will use the system in its simplest version, one that will suit both sharks of the stock exchange and inexperienced beginners. The main asset of our trading asset is EURUSD, but as for the USDJPY (dollar-Japanese yen) asset, we will use it as a security. For example, let’s open a deal on the asset EURUSD with the direction DOWN:

If we see that the forecast is likely to be justified, and the value of the asset begins to fall (the quotes on the chart decrease), then we need to make a transition to the insurable currency pair and on the asset chart to open the deal UP, since we already have confidence in the fact , that the value of this currency pair on the exchange will increase, and we, accordingly, will be able to earn additional income on this.
But, of course, there is the possibility of developing the opposite version of the situation. Similarly, we open an option trading position, directing it UP, on the same main asset of the EURUSD currency pair, but its quotes start to fall, that is, it turns out that the trade contract opened by me should bring me a loss:

After observing the trend of the asset market and identifying the most probable error in the trade forecast that we have generated regarding the further movement of its price, we again switch to a pair of currencies intended for insurance of the main pair – and we open the contract with a binary option UP. That is, the result will be that the loss received by us on the main asset of the EURUSD currency pair will overlap entirely with the profit that will be received from the insured series of binary-option transactions, that is, our deposit capital will again acquire strictly positive profitable statistics.

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Establishing for themselves the required number of trade contracts in the insurance series, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors in order to prevent overloading of the deposit. You insure yourself by trading with minimum contracts, which amount to 1 USD. Do not deny the fact that the considered system of the “Golden Bottom”, despite its high profitability and recoverability – is very simple to understand and execute, even novice private investors of the binary-option market who, for the first time in their lives saw the stock exchange terminal.
The trading system of binary-option contracts “Gold Bottom” is intended for profitable trading with deals with mostly short expiration periods. And the most optimal expiratory period in this respect, set by the trader for the time of “life” of the opened exchange contract – in this case will be a time interval of five minutes. This period is enough to analyze the correctness of the forecast of the leading financial asset for a private investor and for the subsequent rapid opening of trade contracts on the insuring asset in order to secure final profit results.
For additional personal testing of the above approach to trading with binary options and for further training and testing of your own skills, you can use a demo terminal with a revolving unlimited virtual deposit account, working on trading platforms. By the way, this broker conducts interesting tournaments on demo deposits, in which you can win without investing at all, having won your entrance capital, start trading on the stock exchange and earn fully real financial means.

“General Risk Warning: Binary options trading carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds.”

Trading system for binary options – “Supermining”

The trading system of indicator type, which we will consider with you now, despite its fairly simple operation, refers to professional trading tactics and is characterized by extremely high forecasting efficiency. The “Supermining” strategy is based on the automatic signals of the Bollinger Wave indicator. But these indicators are not used here by themselves. They are combined into a single signal complex with the signals of an auxiliary automatic means. The use of a filtering tool prevents false entry into the market, which is used to execute more profitable exchange contracts. As an auxiliary filter indicator in this case is the Alligator car tool. This successfully working combination of the above-mentioned technical means provides the investor with high-precision signals and brings him a high income, which contributes to the growth of deposit capital at a fairly high rate.

Setting up a template for applying the methodology in practice

To create a working (template) field for strategy work, use any of the trusted reliable tools for auxiliary display of online charts, but on the resource involved in the operation, it is necessary to have the function of establishing auto indicators for quotes. Of course, such a choice will not be easy to make independently, because it is simply not possible to visually assess the correspondence between the quotes of assets of an auxiliary resource and your working terminal. Therefore, you can recommend you have already tested the finished version, which was successfully used in the study of the work of this strategy in practice. These are trading platforms from our TOP – these terminals have an integrated indicator software, which contains the necessary technical means for auto-analysis of asset quotes. So, Bollinger Waves and Alligator we set on the quotation schedule of any of the assets available on the terminal (and there are more than 80 of them). Among other things, hardly anyone can not approach the unique financial trading conditions of this terminal – the minimum capital to enter the market – from $ 10 and the cost of the minimum option contract is 1 US dollar (the best conditions in this segment of the exchange market look like in practice , suitable for all novice traders).

So, we added to the quotation chart both the auto indicators of the Supermining system – the Alligator and Bollinger Waves, and thus formed a template field for further trading activities, on which we will conduct a survey of the current state of the asset exchange. The way the working template looks “live” you see in the screenshot above.
Let’s see, why do we need an additional insured auto-indicator filter? Of course, you probably know that the Bollinger Bands themselves, when working on binary options, are not always able to accurately indicate the turning points of the price curve on the chart. Traders should be especially cautious at such moments when the price curve converges with the indicator line – or when the quotes are broken through this line. With the variant of standard use in the trade of Bollinger auto tools – the breakdown of the average moving indicator shows us about the turn of the trend direction, but so the price will not move in all cases:

By establishing an additional filtering false signals of the Alligator auto-tool, we achieve elimination of serious financial losses, as we get tips from him about the time when the direction of the current trend will really change if the central line of the Bollinger channel breaks down or when the price curve of one of its walls touches it.
After adding the required analysis tools to the quotes, we change their settings according to the example below:

• For the Bollinger Bands autoindicator, a period of 40 is set;
• The following adjustments are applied to the Alligator auto-tool:
1. for the jaws of the “Jaws” – 15;
2. for the movable “Teeth” – 10;
3. for the Moving Lip – 7.

And then, when we saved all the tuning systems necessary for a full-fledged work, we can consider the template schedule of the SuperMoving technique to be fully formed, which means that we are fully prepared for further work and to obtain high-precision signaling complexes for trading, which in practice will look like this:
For a contract UP, opened by a binary option, the signal will in total look like this:

• Quoting curve turns and rises up after it makes contact with the bottom wall of the Bollinger channel;
• The Alligator auto indicator, demonstrating the intersection of its movings, works as a filtering means, confirming a change in the direction of the trend movement.

The trend is growing and will continue its growth for a long period of time – that is, it makes sense to open a binary-option deal on the platform UP:

For a DOWN contract opened with a binary option, the signal will generally look like this:

• Quoting curve turns and rushes down after it makes contact with the upper wall of the Bollinger channel;
• Auto Indicator Alligator, showing the intersection of Moving down their, works as a filter aid, suggesting a change in the direction of the trend movement.

The trend is decreasing and will continue its decline for a long period of time – that is, it makes sense to open a binary-option deal on the platform DOWN:

This, it would seem, in a very elementary way, we can very clearly identify an instant in which for optional trading we will use not unreliable short-term price adjustments of a local nature, but a really fresh trend. This trend just formed on the quotations of the asset gives us a guarantee of a significant reduction in the percentage of exchange risks and the receipt, respectively, of a guaranteedly profitable closing option transaction. Applying in the work not the standard scheme of work with the Bollinger tool, but the above-described augmented simple combination of autoindicators, we get about 80% of the profit signals and closing deals, which ensures the financial deposit constant rapid growth.

Money Management and expiration of trading contracts

The indicator of the Bollinger Wave, which in itself still refers to a fairly accurate tool for forecasting the behavior of the price of an asset on the trading chart, and even involved in the SuperMoving system in combination with a safety filter – Alligator – ensures the achievement of fairly high trading indicators, as we already mentioned above. However, preserving the resources of the financial depot is among the paramount tasks of the trader of the option market, even if the trading strategy is profitable and working at a high-quality terminal. By this, a necessary condition for achieving success in the bidding for the “Supermining” strategy, as well as in trading on other trading systems, is competent and adequate capital management. For one option contract, when working within the framework of this methodology, we recommend using no more than 2% of the funds from the private investor’s deposit account. The expirations for the specified trading option contracts will be optimal if you install them within 1-5 minutes. With such conditions, the profit on trading with binary contracts on the “Supermining” strategy will be provided to you.

“General Risk Warning: Binary options trading carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds.”

Method of trading called “Golden Bottom”

(Herman “Sticky” Von Hobart, a friend we knew briefly)

Ann and I have now been in Geneva, New York, for almost eight weeks–living at the Trias House for my writing residency here. It’s been a wonderful experience here at Hobart and William Smith Colleges thus far, and I’ll devote a couple of blog posts to documenting everything we’ve done and seen in the context of HWS and my writing class. But for now I thought I’d preserve an archive of my facebook posts about the day-to-day experience both in Geneva and roving widely. These originally appeared, most of them, under the title “Incident at the Residency House” or “Top Secret Facebook Diary”. I’ve decided to put them in order of most recent to least, along with some of the relevant photographs. Somoe have been lightly edited. – Jeff

October 4: Oh my gawd. What a night. I just drove like my grandpa, 35 mph all the way from the Ithaca area back to Geneva, ’cause there’re no lights on these roads and critters everywhere and after owl banding I didn’t want to kill a critter no how no way. So I’m going 35 mph and I still almost hit three deer, a couple of raccoons, two extensions of liquid night I’m going to say were weasel-related, and something possibly a skunk but definitely not a swift beast. This after an owl night that included the police, a molecular biologist, an enraged neighbor, amazing unexpected art in a basement, holding an owl in my own two hands, talking about amphibian roadkill mortality studies, and staggering into a ditch in total pitch black darkness. May take a little while to process. Photos by the morning. AND THERE WAS AN AFRICAN PARROT TOO.

October 2: The damn turkeys have blocked the road, up here in the Adirondacks. All my hollerin’ seems not to be worth a damn to these turkey-lurkeys. Google, please program “a turkey-free route.”

October 1: It’s been a good couple of days. We attended a wedding of two wonderful people in a land full of tiny cucumbers and giant mushrooms and gorged on amazing salads as well and bought a mouse to hold our cats (it’s a riddle wrapped inside a joke). I learned that FSG will print over 500 advance copies of Borne, which is 300 copies more than my first book, The Book of Frog, sold. I am hopeful that soon I will view Nabokovian wonders at Cornell and in tersperse these viewings with banding of owls. This week too the excellent novelist Dexter Palmer visits the campus as part of the reading series I’m curating. We hope he likes our cats and that the questions the students ask are useful. I am 20,000 words into the top secret project that now is not going to be publicly announced until next year oh how I hate patience and how much of it I have to have. I have also just about finished up a story that includes the dispersal across a thousand galaxies of a billion sentient seed pods. The car’s tire light just came on so I should probably stop typing this while driving along an unlit highway in the middle of the night while deer dart all around. Although now it occurs to me that [Read more…]

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Eco Watch: Robin Wall Kimmerer in Sun Magazine on “Two Ways of Knowing”

The Sun Magazine recently published a fascinating interview with Dr. Robin Wall Kimmerer, who fuses her formal science background with knowledge from her background as a member of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation. Kimmerer is a SUNY Distinguished Teaching Professor at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, New York. She also serves as the founding Director of the Center for Native Peoples and the Environment.

I encourage you to read the entire interview, which speaks to a holistic and more complex view of ecosystems and the environment–and one that’s useful in thinking about how we combat global warming and biosphere degradation but also in how we re-imagine our relationship to the Earth in a more meaningful and positive way.

It’s useful, too, in pushing back against the frequent fetishizing or simplification of the cultures of various Native American and First Nation peoples–first by thinking of these diverse and varied cultures reductively as one culture and second by thinking of their views of the environment as being only “mystical” and not practical. I’d also argue that within the realm of “traditional” science, Kimmerer’s comments point to a vital fact: while specialization in science is important it can also be extremely limiting.

Here are just a couple of excerpts that I found of particular interest. Again, it’s important to read the entire interview to get the full context.

When we use the scientific method in an experiment, we look at one variable at a time. In order to really understand how something works, science says, we must exclude all else. We’re not going to talk about relationships. We’re going to limit ourselves to cause and effect. This notion that you can rigorously exclude all factors save one, and in so doing find the cause, is not part of traditional knowledge.

In the traditional way of learning, instead of conducting a tightly controlled experiment, you interact with the being in question — with that plant, with that stream. And you watch what happens to everything around it, too. The idea is to pay attention to the living world as if it were a spider’s web: when you touch one part, the whole web responds. Experimental, hypothesis-driven science looks just at that one point you touched.

Another important difference is that science tends to want to make universal statements, whereas to the indigenous way of thinking, what’s happening between two organisms is always particular and localized, unique in space and time. Take the example of a bee landing on a flower for a sip of nectar. To the indigenous observer, it’s not some idealized Bee meeting some idealized Flower. There isn’t an attempt to generalize to pollinator ecology, or to say that it’s all being driven by certain physical principles. Those principles may be real, but they aren’t any more real than this bee on this flower at this time on this day with this weather.

Western science explicitly separates observer and observed. It’s rule number one: keep yourself out of the experiment. But to the indigenous way of thinking, the observer is always in relationship with the observed, and thus it’s important that she know herself: As I watch that bee and flower, as I study how water moves, as I observe the growth of the grass in this meadow, I understand that the kind of being I am colors how I see and feel and know. Furthermore, my presence might even be influencing how the world is working around me.

It’s important to recognize the relationship that exists between the observer and the observed. In Western science we believe our technologies and how we frame our hypotheses will eliminate our bias. A traditional perspective instead celebrates the relationship. A young person is going to see things differently than an old person. A daughter and a mother and a grandmother will see in different ways. All of these perspectives should be brought to bear. Rather than isolate them, we can incorporate them into the learning process.

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What to Do With 30-Plus Years of Papers, Drafts, Correspondence, Projects?

(“Found object” associated with a series of fantasy novels I wrote in my early teens.)

One project for this year is to get a handle on 30-plus years of papers, correspondence, rough drafts, and what I would call “project histories.” This includes a lot of material from before email and the internet, which means sometimes quite long letters with other writers and people in publishing, some of them well-known at the time and some of them now quite well-known but obscure then. It also includes all of my wife Ann VanderMeer’s correspondence and history with projects like her indie press mag The Silver Web (fiction and art) and from her five-year stint at Weird Tales. And because we were active in small press in the 1980s-90s, there’s a treasure trove of old issues of horror and fantasy magazines not only now defunct but also not much mentioned on the internet, because they existed pre-internet or just on the cusp.

(My sister Elizabeth and me, in Fiji.)

The project histories are things like a complete record of correspondence, process, editing, and PR for Stepan Chapman’s The Troika, which we published in 1996 and was the first book from an indie press to win the Philip K. Dick Award. But also the complete histories of most of our anthologies–putting them together, etc. Ann’s been very good about keeping that stuff organized in filing boxes. In addition, I have a pretty good record of my start as a poet submitting to poetry magazines and of my various magazine projects in the 1980s and 1990s. Lots of stuff connected to fantasy/SF but also to the literary world.

Then you add on top of that my (sometimes chaotic) history of drafts of novels and stories, along with editorial correspondence, and right now it all fills a rather large storage unit. Especially since some of the stuff dates back to when I began writing when I was eight or nine.

(My first, self-published collection, with illustrations by my mother. Still have the original layout pages.)

I have no idea if any of this stuff is valuable to anyone, or of use, but I do have a general sense that I shouldn’t dump it all in the backyard and have a bonfire, either. Hopefully this year at least we’ll get around to cataloguing and organizing the stuff that needs to be gone through.

(Correspondence from Thomas Ligotti and Rikki Ducornet, two of my favorite writers.)

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Ecology Watch: Harry Saddler, the Eastern Curlew, and Mudflats

Recently, I posted a blog entry that was basically about the ways we look past the natural world, past the terrain that’s all around us, and want it to reveal fantastical marvels that it itself contains if we only stop looking elsewhere. From the response to that piece, I’ve decided to periodically post “Ecology Watch” entries, incorporating or sharing information and comments from people I come into contact with who care about the environment–whether professional or amateurs.

One such is Harry Saddler, whose comment on my prior post is shared below, along with some information from email correspondence. Thanks to the writer James Bradley for making me aware of Saddler.

Saddler’s working on a book about the Eastern Curlew–you can read the first chapter here. The book will primarily be available in Australia, when finished, but I’m hopeful it’ll find wider distribution, given the richness and usefulness of even the first chapter.

Such specific documentation and writing about a species is very important as more and more of our biodiversity becomes threatened. It’s also important for clarity on the entire life cycle of an organism, and in the case of birds what migration patterns mean to species survival–specifically, what happens when safe spots wind up being destroyed by human intervention. – Jeff V

Saddler on Not Giving Up

Just last week I was chatting to a bookseller in Melbourne, formerly a biologist, who was forthright in his opinion that we should just abandon some species. Spoon-billed sandpiper? It’s a goner. Orange-bellied parrot? Hopeless case. Put the resources being spent on such species towards more viable conservation projects, he said. While I can see the rationale behind such thinking, and though it’s invariably presented as hard-nosed pragmatism (when it’s actually despair), what I’ve seen again and again – not just in researching my book, but in all my years of watching the natural world – is that nature will take what we give it. Red-billed choughs went locally extinct in Cornwall during that county’s tin mining boom – and then re-introduced themselves 15 years ago. They now nest in the remains of the old mines. Some of the best places to see migratory shorebirds in the vicinity of Melbourne, where I live, are old salt works – and the single best location is the Western Treatment Plant, which is still the city’s major sewerage processing facility. Just two days ago I was at Yalujiang Nature Reserve, which is one of the key staging points for shorebird migration in the Yellow Sea – and the land immediately adjacent to it is almost entirely agricultural.

I’m not trying to say by these examples that everything’s fine and people are worried about nothing, far from it. We are deep into an ecological calamity of our own making which we can barely even begin to understand. But at least some of the world we’re destroying is recoverable, if we make the effort to give it space to recover. Life wants to persist, that’s the single fundamental fact of the natural world. The whole thing exists because life wants to persist. So that begs the question: do we also want life to persist? I wish I could say that the answer to that was a clear and resounding Yes!, because it seems like that should be the obvious and automatic answer, but I know that when I think that way I’m thinking from within my own bias. Yalujiang when I was there was full of tourists, but none of them seemed to be particularly interested in the birds which is the reserve’s entire reason for existence. It was a very strange scene and I’m still trying to make sense of it. But for now I know at least one thing for sure, and it’s that I’d rather have a world in which we do everything we can to save the spoon-billed sandpiper than a world in which we throw up our hands and declare that there’s no point trying to change our ways.


Saddler on His Current Visit to South Korea

I’m in South Korea now, on the island of Ganghwa which studies have indicated is the second most important staging area for eastern curlews in the Yellow Sea after Yalujiang. I went for a long walk (over 20 kilometres) around the southern shoreline yesterday and saw numerous curlews, and I was particularly delighted when at one point a flock of fifteen of them flew across the mudflats and landed in front of me. I was excited because it was the largest number of eastern curlews I’ve ever seen at once – but almost immediately I had to curb my excitement, because there are historical eye-witness accounts from near Melbourne of flocks of hundreds or even thousands of eastern curlews, and that’s at the southern terminus of their migration when they’re dispersed all around the Australian coastline. Populations of some shorebird species in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway are declining by as much as 8% a year – including the eastern curlew, which is endemic to this Flyway. Next week I’m travelling to Saemangeum, which used to be the single most important site for migratory shorebirds in the Yellow Sea – until it was sealed off and destroyed by a 33-kilometre-long seawall built by the South Korean government.

I’ve only been in South Korea for a few days but it’s notable that there is not a single vista that is not dominated by signs of human habitation. The mudflats in the Yellow Sea have to be seen to be believed – the mud is metres thick and extend for kilometres offshore. The processes that created them, through sediment deposits from the Yalu River and other rivers in China and through annual dust-storms, have been going on for millions of years – but all it takes is a few years of human construction to destroy them. We really need to make people care about mudflats, because as ecosystems go they’re as rich and as productive as any ocean or rainforest – but mud and crabs and worms and drab brown birds just aren’t sexy. I really believe that if more people knew about the lifecycle of migratory shorebirds, and the role that mudflats play in sustaining that lifecycle, more people would start to care. I’m astonished that migratory shorebirds aren’t one of the most famous and celebrated groups of birds in the world. But the history of conservation is dotted with examples of previously obscure animals gaining mass popularity and cultural awareness (the “Easter bilby” campaign in Australia is one example that springs immediately to mind) so change is possible. If I didn’t believe that I think I’d have to just give up!

(Mudflats: not sexy, but incredibly important ecosystems. Photo by Saddler, South Korea.)

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Books Read: Giant Kelp, Lost Landscapes, Hot Milk, Theory Fiction, Hares, Bleak Houses, Squirrels, Doomed Futures, and Broken Intertubes

Getting off of social media to work on fiction always also helps me find more reading time. If you missed it, one of my favorite novels of the spring was McKenzie’s The Portable Veblen, which I reviewed for the LA Times. Favorite long read recently was Robert McFarlane’s “Generation Anthropocene“. Here are some recent reads of note.

Lost Landscapes by the LOLA Landscape Architects – A linked series of stunning essays by Dutch architects, Lost Landscapes also features some great landscape architecture images to illustrate various points. Something about the narrowed focus on one country and a few projects allows the writers great clarity not just in setting out basic ideas about their profession but also thoughts on ecology, leisure, and the interstitial spaces between cities and countryside. I especially appreciated how much thought went into the layout and design–it’s seamless.

The Hare by Cesar Aira – I finally got around to this cagey, sneaky account of a nineteenth-century Argentine expedition to find a mythical rabbit. Aira does a great job of evoking the era and of raising issues related to culture and nature, and the cultural nature of evil. The characterization is accomplished in nimble thumbnails, slipping into and out of points-of-view.

Bleak Houses: Disappointment and Failure in Architecture by Timothy Brittain-Catlin – Apparently nothing is more entertaining that reading about people who didn’t quite make it, or who failed disastrously, or were overshadowed by famous fathers. In talking about Gothic, Edwardian, and other styles of architecture, Brittain-Catlin makes a compelling case for not discarding architectural failures and for re-examining the idea of “failure” in architecture altogether. In part this case is made by pointing out how architectural ideologies tend to exert force and pressure outside of the context of the actual creations that come about because of them. That, and how personalities and lucky circumstances can lift up one architecture over another. Like any field, really, except it’s rather astounding how many failures still exist in our local landscapes–the name may be writ in water, but the results were writ in brick, wood, and stone.

Dispute Plan to Prevent Future Luxury Constitution by Benjamin H. Bratton – Perhaps it’s because Bratton is a kind of architect-philosopher or because his mosaic of stories stitched together into a novel don’t have to follow any kind of commercial fiction template…but whatever the reason, Bratton’s Dispute Plan from 2020 strikes me as fresher and more relevant than a lot of more linear novel-like science fiction. The ideas are layered thick but never in an unclear way, and by bringing in issues like claims to the South China Sea the book feels relevant and contemporary. Yet there’s also Ballardian compression and expansion of time and space in Dispute Plan and a fascinating overall narrative structure.

To Save Everything, Click Here by Evgeny Morozov – A great antidote to the simplistic technophile/luddite duality that seems to haunt every discussion about “the Internet.” In criticizing giants like Google and Facebook (while also pointing out their benefits), Morozov rightly points out the uselessness of referring to “the Internet” when we actually mean individual power players who have made conscious (and often for-profit) decisions about how we use social media and other aspects of the internet. He also makes a compelling case for why some of the efficiencies so desired by Silicon Valley re politics and other “meat world” situations are actually counter-productive to the workings of a democracy. Every once in a while, Morozov’s a bit repetitive or the argument gets thin, but in general this is a great book to get people to think about what they’re doing on “the Internet.”

Hot Milk by Deborah Levy – I love Levy’s fiction and have since having my mind blown away by Beautiful Mutants long ago. Levy isn’t formally experimental, and yet there are experimental and transgressive impulses very near the surface in her work. She’s also an exceptional stylist, with a slightly different approach in each novel. In Hot Milk, about a daughter who takes her mother to a health retreat to solve a problem with her legs, that takes the form of a narrator tic that works really well: some key word in one paragraph then used in the next to go off on a riff into other topics entirely. Which, unexpectedly, has a lot more cohesion and relevance than one would’ve thought. It’s also another dangerous novel, with ominous bristlings, and wonderful dialogue.

The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests by David R. Schiel & Michael S. Foster – I like to pick up books about particular ecosystems, even if it’s likely the book in question may include information beyond a layperson’s interest. This tome on giant kelp forests contains enough for the non-scientist in terms of the history and intricacies of these fascinating ecosystems but also enough scientific data to satisfy biologists (I think). Am I the only one who thrills to discussions of “beach wrack” and “animal assemblages”? Seriously–this is an exciting exploration, as are most books about incredibly productive and intricate places. It’s also more optimistic than some books on particular ecosystems, because giant kelp forests are hanging in there and doing fairly well considering the worldwide ecological problems we face.

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The Ghost Is Under the Burning Ferry (fourth dream)

The ghost is under the burning wedding ferry, where the ceremony took place. The ghost is under the burning wedding ferry, where the ceremony just now took place. The ghost is hiding under the burning wedding ferry, holding its breath. The bride and groom are pyres of flame, taken up by the explosion. The water is gouged with shards and splinters that burn faint orange and red, hissing out their heat, spearing the river bottom. The figurehead has pitched forward, sagged to kiss the rippling surface as water bugs glide by.

The river turns red, but you’re not afraid even though you’re the only one left. Once, boats turned the river white with wake. Once, storks nested in the trees on either side. Once, fishermen stood silent, patient, in the weeds, theo children jumping off tire swings into the swirl invisible to them. Once the water ran true, free of silt, and fed the fields and hills beyond. But now most of that belongs to old photographs like the ones in your bag. But now what’s left has no sense of permanence. But now there is just you in your scuba gear and red mask, resting at the bottom of the river amid cool gray-blue rocks split by green algae…letting the current take you…letting the current take you…drifting like a dead thing as you try to understand all the other dead things that tumble by or bump into you. A rusty gasoline can wiped clean of brand sits half-buried in the silt in front of you. A tiny golden bottom-feeding fish lives inside, slides half-out to stare at you. The water pulls at you and pushes at you and you plunge your gloves deeper into the silt. Hovering there, staring at the fish. You are a bottom feeder, too. You’ve reached the bottom, and you’re still breathing. You can do this because you can pretend no one watches, no one judges. Anyone who matters is miles away, safe across a border. This is a remote part of the country. This is a place untouched by anything but war for decades, and, for now, the war has moved beyond the hills and left behind the red river. Still, this place is full of secret identities, the effect stark because you meet so few people. You can never tell if a person is who they say. You can never tell if the mask they wear is too old and in place to take off. Militias used these waters, hid in shadowed inlets using canoes with outboard motors. Some of them stayed behind when the war moved, took up disguises. You have a gun in your knapsack because you’re not a fool or perhaps because you are a fool. But it can’t help you down here. Every time you dive, you expect to come back up to a world where they stand wordless, have already judged you. After a while the annoying fish wins your staring contest and you grow restless in your drifting, feel cramped within your second skin, need to surface and clamber back onto the river bank. No one waits for you. No one puts a bullet in your head. You take off the tanks, and then the flippers and mask, and then the sky is blue again…and yet somehow everything is still red. It’s dusk now and the birds make such delicate, ravenous sounds, but you can’t see them. It’s dusk now, and the trees have become silhouettes; you can hear their quiet creaking but when you stare at them, they are completely still. You’re standing there alone in the mud and thinking about your grandparents, how they could ever live in a place so stunning and yet so empty. A terrible crime happened here, and you still don’t know what it was. They would never tell you. The ferry has been holed and abandoned for years.

The ghost is under the burning ferry, holding its breath.

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True Detective, Malheur Season: Rust to Ammon (the third to last dream)

Rust to Ammon: “I need to solve this lawnmower mystery.” Ammon: “I like buildings in wildlife refuges.” Rust: “Who murdered love?” Ammon: “Snack?”

Rust to Ammon. “The dust of galaxies feather-deaths your precept.” Ammon: “I need a working toilet and a Sham-wow.” Rust: “All is death.”

Rust to Ammon: “Chill your harsh, man.” Ammon: “PETA just gave me a petrified celery stalk.” Rust: “Build a labyrinth in your mind.” Ammon: “Snacks?”

Rust to Ammon: “Ten thousand ghosts lubricated the passage of your birth.” Ammon: “I’m going to hit you with my gun.” Rust: “Bugs bunny was a gun-bearing rabbit and he saw the sheer beautiful despair of life.” Ammon: “I just need to desecrate some ground.” Rust: “You can piss over there.”

Rust to Ammon: “Why do you like snacks?” Ammon: Why do you love death?” Rust: “Cause it’s chewy and salty and you can pet it.” Ammon: “Can I tell you something? Snacks in refuges are like Ballardian Crash scenarios to me.” Rust: “That a fact? Cause I’m gonna create some distance here if so.” Ammon: “I love you Rust. I want to have your snack-babies.”

Area X wrapped its fungal conduits around Ammon’s supple neck. Then it licked away his microbial shield, penetrated his nostrils, clung to his symbiotic tailbone, and caressed his circulatory system, after which he exploded in an ecstasy of euphoric spores.

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The Trains (the second-to-last dream)

The trains are circling again as if they’ve always existed and the town between was never more than an afterthought. Day and night, night and day, dusk and dawn, and each minute or second between, I lose track, the trains are running and running and running. The trains the trains the trains. They never really stop. Even when they wait sullen and dull on the tracks for some arcane sign, some moment that I cannot divine, for the moment when they will move again…the insides of them never really stop. Inside of them, everything is still moving and humming and vibrating, somewhere deep within where the stillness cannot touch them. The metal is full of life.

It goes beyond timetables or cargoes or any who inhabit them, although I have never seen a person on any of these trains as they circle, wait, and “stop.” These “stops,” this “circling,” this “waiting”—it is obscure, it is horrifying in that it cannot be predicted and that nothing can be done about it. There is a disgusting element to this unpredictability, and it makes me think of the cars as metal on the outside but flesh inside, that if you were to break them open, each compartment would be scarlet red, and organs and blood would spill out.

I cannot even guess the schedule or order or orders, what pattern forms from above, if I were to build a drone and watch from above. I’m afraid to try. I’m afraid of what I’ll find. So instead I look for the pattern formed by their stillness and their solitude as they wait in the weeds of tracks, in the rust by broken dead refrigerators and old tin cans and bottles drunk in the gravel, coated in whatever amber liquid once was inside….and when these trains come to life, when they move with squeal and screech, when they run so long and hot and fast that this must mean something, that this urgency is creating some speech or language not meant for me. When this happens, I watch ever more terrified, but trapped here beside the trains, trapped with their language, all my senses robbed before it.

I never see a conductor. I never see passengers. But that is another theory: that they exist, inside the cars, the barrels, the cylinders. If there is no flesh within those compartments. Which would mean that although I cannot see them, they might be able to see me—pinprick holes in the outer skin of the trains—and if they see me they can comment on me and judge me for staring at them without knowing anything. For not understanding them, or helping them. If they need help.

Perhaps this is a hell I walk through, a punishment for crimes I don’t remember, and in there is the heaven—that if you cracked open a car, you’d find a cool dark center that feels like bliss. But I will never know. I’m am just out here, reacting to the trains. Reacting to the trains because they give me no choice.

Through their very blankness, the lack of effect in their non-faces, the seamless crunchy rust of them, the trains disguise their intent. They disguise not just if they have passengers who perceive me, but if the trains can perceive me and know me and assess me. But I’m not fooled by this aspect. I know what is going on, even if there is nothing I can do about it, even though I cannot get on the trains. They would not have me. But then if I did, they would have me, they’d convert me, and I’d be just like them, never stopping, never caring about the things humans care about, but instead turned into a being who cares about the mysterious things trains care about, that they scheme toward that, yes, the trains love. The trains love velocity and they love noise and they love the tracks that constrain them, too, and they love to ignore me while they also try to destroy me with their sound and their lack of attention. By their essential nature they break me down every day and every night. As thoroughly as if I was a threat to them, but not one that meant very much, that counted much. The trains the trains the trains the trains the trains the trains

Cooking For Engineers

As a fat used for cooking, butter provides a unique flavor and aroma to many dishes. The problem with butter is that before you get to its smoke point, the milk solids have gone past browning to burning. Removing the milk solids and impurities allows us to retain much of the flavor of butter while being able to cook at higher temperatures. Butter without milk solids is called clarified butter or drawn butter (although some restaurants serve just melted butter as drawn butter). The process (clarifying butter) is quite simple.

Clarifying butter is as simple as melting butter and letting the milk solids settle or rise out of the fat. Care should be taken not to burn the butter while heating it, so use a heavy pan that doesn’t have any hotspots (see Common Materials of Cookware for more information on hotspots). When using salted butter, it is difficult to guess how much salt will remain in the clarified butter. A lot of the salt can be found in the milk solids as it settles or foams up, but the exact amount will be different every time. Use unsalted butter to remove any uncertainty (you can add salt to the clarified butter later to achieve the desired saltiness).

At this point you can remove the butter from the heat and skim off all the foam. Let the butter cool a bit to let more of the solids settle and then pour or spoon out the clarified fat, leaving the remaining milk solids in the pan.

Alternatively, pour the hot melted butter through cheesecloth to filter out the foam and solids that have settled, catching the clarified butter in a jar.

Although pure clarified butter does not need to be refrigeration, I recommend you store your clarified butter in the refrigerator (some milk solids may still be present and may cause the butter to go rancid). Use the clarified butter as you would use regular butter (tablespoon for tablespoon) in recipes.

Robert Wolke, in What Einstein Told His Cook, suggests using the left over milk solids for topping popcorn. Sounds like a good idea to me! (Also, Wolke mentions that no lactose is in clarified butter, so lactose-sensitive individuals should be able to enjoy clarified butter without the uncomfortable effects those of us who are lactose intolerant are well aware of.)

What is the difference between Ghee & Clarified butter?

The recipe tells you to strain it:
Gently pour into heatproof container through fine mesh strainer or cheesecloth.

You would still need to get rid of the solids somehow.

Ghee and Clarified Butter are used interchangeably. You usually hear it referred to as Ghee in indian dishes and Clarified Butter in western dishes.

Traditionally ghee is made with milk (buffalo and sometimes cow) that has been allowed to develop some sourness before churning into butter. This provides more flavor to the butter.

The butter is then melted and water completely cooked off. Many recipes for clarified butter do not call for the complete evaporation of water in the butter.

So, I would say that ghee is a type of clarified butter, but not all clarified butter is ghee.

Ghee is not exactly the same as clarified butter. When I make Ghee I don’t let the solids brown. Click on this:

P.S I enjoy your Blog very much.

Using a Gravy or Fat Separator makes the skimming part go much easier.

hey, long time fan..first post here.

when i make ghee from sticks of store bought butter(unsalted only), i simply let it melt over the low to medium heat. i use sound as the indicator for doneness. when it stops making the sound, i take it off the heat. i also skim the top..the foam, although i know that many people dont do that. if i want the butter to be more like beurre noisette, i let it brown or better still, i drop the sticks of butter when the pan is really really hot. the colour can vary from a milky white to a golden brown..and when overdone, a dark brown.

i have never heard of the sourness factor in traditional ghee. it might be true. i have also made ghee from the butter i churned from the cream. for a short time, a milkman used to stop by and deliver the milk straight from the udder. (btw, watching someone milk a cow is *fascinating*) after boiling it, i’d let it cool down. after it cools down, there will be a layer of cream. this, i deposit in a little container for about two weeks. after i have collected enough, the cream can be churned to seperate the whey and the butter. the seperated butter goes through the same process as the above method of making ghee from store bought sticks of butter.

i prefer buffalo milk which has more fat than cow’s milk. the butter from the former is slightly yellow while the butter from the cow is ‘white’.

towards the end, instead of straining the milk solids, i like to spoon the clear ghee into a seperate container. i sometimes add fresh curry leaves right after it is removed from the heat. it sizzles and adds a certain flavour dimension to the ghee that i cannot quite describe. it is delicious tho’.

to his version of Ghee. My understanding of curry is that it is made up of various spices which can change from person to person. i.e. that there are many different curry recipes. I’ve never heard of curry leaves. Can someone elaborate.

Trading meal preps with an Indian family can expand “spice horizons” past anything that Christopher Columbus ever had in mind. Just make friends with the local Indian grocer and a network can evolve. Get ready to eat with your scooped hand.

The term “curry”, as we americans relate to it from the yellow 4 ounce metal tin named “curry powder”, is a result of the British returning from India and wanting to duplicate an “average” of the spicy dishes they had experienced. Try here: http://redhotcurry.com/entertainment/books/sbasu1.htm . There are lots of web refs to expand the story.

Remember that real Indian cooks have dozens of seed spices on hand, and roast them and grind fresh for each unique meal. See “garam masala”, as in:
http://www.food-india.com/ingredients/i001_i025/i003.htm
The 4 ounce can is one of many possible garam masalas.

The “Curry leaf” is a different item altogether. It is a leaf (a shrub with compound leaves). It has distinct but different culinary uses. A few links:

Note that the WORD in many languages is the phonetic “ka-ree”. Thus, the sun-besotted Brits easily confused the issue, importing a wonderful product (a canned garam masala) with a cross-linked name.

Thank you jimjimjim9 for your post. It is extemely informative. Very nice work.

sorry i missed your question, Michael. what jimjimjim9 says..

thanks, jimjimjim9. i couldnt have said it better. very informative.

I’ve tried many methods of making clarified butter, including Alton Brown’s, and the old fashioned labor intensive melt and skim routine, but I’ve recently discovered a far superior method of making clarified butter. It’s superior because it is not only less labor intensive, but it removes the milk solids much more completely, and wastes much less of the milkfat that is otherwise wasted when skimming off foam and trying to separate the milkfat from the water.

Here’s how I do it: I cut up butter and melt it in a saucepot, but I keep it on the heat until all the water boils off and the milk solids start to dry and clump together. (I don’t mean to gross anyone out, but at the stage I’m talking about, the milk solids look like flaky ear wax.) Stop the heat at this point if you just want plain old clarified butter; if you keep heating it, the milk sugars will caramelize, and you’ll have beurre noisette, which is good but not suitable for some applications requiring clarified butter. Then, I let it sit and cool until it is less than 200 degrees Fahrenheit. (So it won’t melt the plastic on my super fine wire mesh coffee filter.) Once it’s cool, I pour it all through one of those super fine wire mesh coffee filters arranged over a jar or some other storage vessel, and scrape all the solids from the pot into the filter so the fat can drip out.

The benefits of this method include saved labor, and unlike Alton Brown’s method, this method removes the milk solids much more completely.

Curry Leaves can be bought at any indian grocery. It’s also known as Sweet Curry Leaf. It is a very special flavor. I love it. The leaves can also be frozen I hear.

The hare krishna cookbook “A Higher Taste” has a very detailed description on how to make ghee.

As for how long it keeps, I made some 8 months ago and have kept it in the fridge and its still good. Just remember to always use a clean spoon to scoop it out. Oh and store it in glass.

Coincidentally, I just put up a blog post about curry leaves and the origin of the “curry powder” spice blend. The short story: curry leaves are from the Murraya koenigii tree, known as kari-pak in Tamil. according to the Historical Dictionary of Indian Food, by Achaya. He says that curry is “[f]rom the Tamil word kari, a term for black pepper. the term originally denoted any spiced dish that accompanied south Indian food, and was first so referred to. as early as in AD 1502”

The full post is here

I used to work in a restaurant, and there I learned a trick for making clarified butter quickly. Melt your butter in the microwave in a square container, let it settle a bit, and skim the top. Then pour the fat off the top over one of the flat sides.

This allows you to pour more fat off before you start to pour milk solids as well. You’ll still have to spoon some off, throw some out, or do some straining, but if you’re in a hurry and you’re willing to waste a little fat (as is nearly always the case in a restaurant setting) this is a great trick.

Hopefully this isn’t a silly newbie question: How does clarifying the butter change it’s nutritional value?

I have always had a great deal of success simply melting butter in a coffee cup in a microwave, and then spilling off the clarified portion through a tablespoon resting against the inside of the cup. The time in the microwave is only a few seconds, and the qty produced is usually sufficient for whatever recipe you’re working on.

This is a perfect alternative to no-stick “Pam” or whatever. Works wonders for omelets etc.

Someone asked about Ghee. I believe the difference is that ghee is heated to a point of fragrance sometime after melting but before caramelization. I think it’s heated more. We should ask our Indian friends.

No, they aren’t. Guest John is correct about what he said. Ghee is clarified butter that has been further heated and cooked until it has a more nutty flavor and is slightly darker in color.

garyprotein is correct.
Ghee uses the old ‘Maillard reaction’ to produce flavours from the milk proteins and lactose in the butter. The oil-liking flavours (nutty/roasted) are then extracted into the fat that remains to form the flavoured ghee.

just thoughts
Watt

I know that sounds like an odd question. But having worked as a chef for over 20 years, I was recently surprized when I found an entry in an ayurvedic book that describes the slow process of making ghee (as described above). It then goes on to claim that ayurvedic grand poobahs believe that process burns off the cholesterol. It sounds odd to me, and I thought I would ask you guys for clarification.

I am looking for the Alton Brown method for clarifying butter. Normal heating process, but he mentions something about allowing it to cool in the fridge overnight and I swear he mentioned something about adding water so everything separates. He had it in a bowl and basically said that the hockey puck was a nice way to have it stored for ease of use. Now I found the ghee recipe, but it’s not it. There’s a cooling step. Or am I just way off base here?

Oh and one more thing, how to you make lemon butter without breaking the consistency?

Melt a pound of butter in a heavy saucepan over low heat and slowly cook until the bubbling ceases and the liquid turns clear, 30-40 minutes.

Strain and cool, being sure to leave any solids in the bottom of the pan.

Or, once the butter has cleared, remove from heat and add two inches of hot tap water. Since it’s less dense than water, the now clarified butter will float to the top.

And in a few hours in the refrigerator will solidify it into a big yellow Frisbee that you can lift out and use. Use it immediately or wrap in wax paper and refrigerate or add foil and freeze it for up to 2 months.

clarified butter is quite simply butter fat without solids.

the straining gets you 99% of the way there. addition of water actually serves to provide a place for the odd left ofter bits to settle. without the water at the bottom (of the bowl) any congealing solids would be inside what is the “floating” layer.

lemon butter: it’s an emulsion. whip like crazy . . .

I put 1 pound unsalted butter in a small crock-pot on low with the lid secured . Within a few hours the solids are on top. The butter is in three layers. Top: solids foamy, if cooked longer it will become crispy; middle: butter oil, clear and golden; bottom: a watery whey like fluid (I drink that — has a mild buttermilk like taste).

Spoon (skim) off the solids on top into a separate bowl, I give mine to my dogs (they especially like it when its crispy).

Using oven mitts, slowly pour the butter oil through a fine mesh strainer (like a tea strainer) into a heat safe container, glass is best. This will catch bits of solids that may have been missed after skimming. STOP pouring before the lowest layer of liquid, which is not yellow, infiltrates the ghee container.

Use or discard the liquid at the bottom. When the ghee (butter oil) has cooled, close the container tightly and enjoy the rich flavor ghee imparts to food.

The longer the butter is in the crock-pot, the more water will evaporate off. I sometimes start the process in the morning before leaving the house for the day and finish when I’m back in the evening. This process does not require being very attentive, just don’t put it on high; it will burn.

One more thing: if you stir the contents of the crock-pot up, you have to give the mix time to resettle and separate out into the three layers before skimming off the solids and pouring off the ghee.

Como la grasa utilizada para cocinar, la mantequilla proporciona un sabor пїЅnico y aroma a muchos platos. El problema con la mantequilla es que antes de llegar a su humo punto, los sпїЅlidos de leche se han ido Browning pasado a la combustiпїЅn. ExtracciпїЅn de la sпїЅlidos de la leche y las impurezas que nos permite mantener la mayor parte del sabor de la, mientras que la mantequilla de poder cocinar a altas temperaturas. Mantequilla sin sпїЅlidos de la leche se llama mantequilla clarificada o elaboraciпїЅn de mantequilla (aunque algunos restaurantes sirven sпїЅlo mantequilla derretida establecido, mantequilla). El proceso de (aclaraciпїЅn de la mantequilla) es bastante simple.

AclaraciпїЅn de la mantequilla es tan simple como mantequilla derretida y dejar que la leche sпїЅlidos se asienten o aumento de la grasa. Se debe impedir que tarda mientras se calienta la mantequilla, asпїЅ que utilizar una sartпїЅn pesada que no tiene ningпїЅn tipo de puntos de acceso (ver Materiales comпїЅn de utensilios de cocina para obtener mпїЅs informaciпїЅn sobre hotspots). Cuando se utiliza la mantequilla salada, es difпїЅcil de adivinar cuпїЅnto la sal se mantendrпїЅ en la mantequilla clarificada. Mucha de la sal se puede encontrar en los sпїЅlidos de leche, ya que se instala o espumas, pero el importe exacto ser diferente cada vez. Uso de mantequilla sin sal para eliminar cualquier incertidumbre (puede agregar sal a la mantequilla clarificada despuпїЅs de lograr la deseada salinidad).

Para que aproximadamente 3 / 4 taza de mantequilla clarificada, derretir una taza (225 g) de mantequilla en una cacerola pequeпїЅa (a 1-recipiente, se muestra en la imagen) a fuego lento. Con una cacerola bien, te puede dejar allпїЅ a fuego lento mientras se hace otra cosa y poco a poco la mantequilla se derrita. En cuanto el calor se derrite la mantequilla mпїЅs rпїЅpido, pero los sпїЅlidos de la leche puede comenzar a grabar, asпїЅ, resistir la tentaciпїЅn. En su lugar, usted puede cortar el la mantequilla en trozos para acelerar la fusiпїЅn. AdemпїЅs, si usted no tiene un pequeпїЅo cacerola, lo mejor es utilizar mпїЅs la mantequilla. Demasiado poco de mantequilla en una gran de diпїЅmetro pan harпїЅ difпїЅcil separar los sпїЅlidos de la grasa
posterior.

Cuando la mantequilla se derrita por completo, continпїЅa calentando a fuego bajo. Algunos sпїЅlidos de leche se caen al fondo de la olla, mientras que otros se lugar como la espuma. Como los sпїЅlidos de leche llegan a la cima, se pueden desnatada apagado. (O bien, puede ser removido cuando la mantequilla se enfrпїЅe.)

En este punto, puede eliminar la mantequilla por el calor y la capa superior de descuento en todos la espuma. Deje que la mantequilla se enfrпїЅe un poco para permitir que varios de los sпїЅlidos se asienten y luego vierta o una cuchara la grasa aclarпїЅ, dejando el resto de la leche sпїЅlidos en la sartпїЅn.

Alternativamente, se vierte la mantequilla derretida caliente a travпїЅs de una gasa para filtrar la espuma y sпїЅlidos que se han asentado, la captura de la mantequilla clarificada en un frasco.

O bien, vierta la mantequilla en un recipiente caliente, deje que se aparte, mientras que de enfriamiento y luego refrigerar. DespuпїЅs de que se ha solidificado, se puede fпїЅcilmente raspar la capa de espuma endurecida de la rigidez de mantequilla clarificada.

A pesar de mantequilla clarificada puro no tiene por quпїЅ ser de refrigeraciпїЅn, que recomendamos guardar la mantequilla clarificada en la nevera (un poco de leche sпїЅlidos puede estar aпїЅn presente y puede causar la mantequilla para ir rancio). Usar la mantequilla clarifi cada como lo harпїЅa el uso de mantequilla regular (una cucharada decucharada) en las recetas.

Robert Wolke, en Lo que Einstein le dijo a su Cook, sugiere el uso de la izquierda mпїЅs de sпїЅlidos de leche para colmar las palomitas de maпїЅz. Suena como una buena idea para mпїЅ! (TambiпїЅn, Wolke menciona que no hay lactosa en la mantequilla clarificada, de modo que la lactosa personas sensibles deben ser capaces de disfrutar de mantequilla clarificada sin a los efectos incпїЅmodos a aquellos de nosotros que son intolerantes a la lactosa son bien conscientes.)

This is such a great site!
I was wondering if anyone had experience or read about adding herbs, medicinal or not, to clarified butter. I know the Indians add some stuff to their ghee while it cooks and Ayurvedic practitioners I believe add medicines into it. It’s hard to find this info tho. If medicinal substances are added, when is the best time to add them: as the butter cooks or afterward after it cools and separates? Should the herbs be filtered out or not? What is the actual process of the butter oils extracting the medicines and how it is different from the water and alcohol extractions when making standard tinctures? I assume that the fat-soluble substances in herbs will naturally get into the butter, but what about the other ingredients: minerals, vitamins, proteins, etc? Will they all be lost with the water? What is the comparison of alcohol and oils as far as their solvent properties are concerned?

thanks a lot,
Helen

some flavor / “other” compounds are soluble in water, some in alcohol, some in fats/oils. which solutes in what is not a ‘all for one and one for all’ situation – some specific compound will be extracted faster / sooner / more / less better so than in another diluent.

research polar vs non-polar solvents, for starters.

by and large, medicinal or culinary, either you use the right solvent or you don’t get the results you want.

how to . . . hot/cool . . . strain / don’t strain . . .
the problem is not so much how to but an issue of safety.
anything that has been growing the dirt/soil has the potential to be contaminated with botulism spores.

short of using a pressure cooker to get the temp above 240’F – keeping / storing homemade extractions / diffusions is dicey business.

keep refrigerated, keep no longer than two weeks.

I love your idea!

Michael, ghee will last for years. Don’t know why you think it needs to be pasteurized; but perhaps I misunderstood.

There are several posts in the clarified butter article that ghee and clarified butter are the same thing and I can tell you that is no-where near the truth.
If clarified butter is to bread as ghee is to toast.

To make ghee you start out just the same as for clarified butter, but after the butter is all melted you continue warming the butter until all the water boils out of the bottom layer. The evaporation process will cause a foam-up.
After the foam subsides, you have no more liquid on the bottom of the pan, just milk solids. Keep heating.
You will get a second foaming even higher than the first. When the second foam subsides you are done, remove the pan from heat. Cool to a manageable temperature and skim the foam from the top, then pour off the butterfat. all that will remain in the pan are the caramelized solids from the pan bottom.
The butterfat itself will be golden brown, looking like it was toasted. It has a rich flavor that can not be achieved with any other fat I know.
I don’t know how long ghee can last, in my house we keep it on the counter in a sealed glass dish and it never lasts more than about 2-3 months before it is used up, and it has never tasted rancid.
Unlike clarified butter, you’ll want to go lightly when spreading ghee on toast or applying to other foods, it is a VERY rich taste that can overwhelm.

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